Explanation of Vote Following the Adoption of a UN Security Council Resolution on Financing African Union-Led Peace Support Operations

Ambassador Robert Wood
Alternative Representative for Special Political Affairs
New York, New York
December 21, 2023

AS DELIVERED

Thank you, Mr. President.

Colleagues, two weeks ago, Ambassador Thomas-Greenfield travelled to Ghana for the United Nations Peacekeeping Ministerial. And while she was in Accra, she spoke to a group of young leaders at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre. She told them that Africans deserve a better vision for security, a vision that puts African leadership at the forefront, and African people at the center. And that as an international community, we have the responsibility to finance and empower AU missions to that end.

And indeed, the United States is pleased to support this framework resolution, which outlines the conditions under which the UN Security Council would consider authorizing AU-led Peace Support Operations with access to UN assessed contributions.

We recognize the AU’s important contributions with respect to the PSOs it has already deployed. And we applaud the AU’s partnership with the UN in developing common frameworks on human rights, conduct, and discipline, for those operations.

As we look to the future, we want to take a moment to highlight a few key elements of this resolution.

First, it underscores the primacy of politics, and the need for a coherent political strategy to guide any operation.

Second, it notes that any support to AU PSOs must be in full compliance with the UN’s Human Rights Due Diligence Policy.

Third, it emphasizes that these operations must include appropriate safeguards for the protection of civilians.

And fourth, it outlines that any PSO receiving UN assessed contributions will be authorized by – and ultimately, accountable to – this Council for implementation of its mandate, and to the GA for appropriate and reasonable use of funds.

And finally, it specifies a burden-sharing agreement. Namely, that UN contributions to AU PSOs will be no more than 75 percent of the cost of the operation’s annual budget.

We stand ready to work with Security Council members and the African Union to determine how the remainder of the budget would be financed whether through an AU financial contribution, voluntary contributions, in-kind contributions, or some contribution thereof.

I want to end by expressing the United States’ gratitude to the A3 for their flexibility as co-pens in helping put our shared principles to paper, as well as to Ghana for its partnership and leadership throughout this process.

As we near the end of Ghana’s time on the Council, we are eager to cement its legacy by moving forward with AU financing to ensure peace on a continent faced with numerous security threats. And we look forward to seeing this resolution implemented, so that the AU can face those challenges head on.

Thank you, Mr. President.

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